Patent Information

The Patent Process

This entails performing a search in the official database of the United States Patent and Trademark Office to locate relevant patents and published patent applications. Following the search, the client will be provided with a patentability report and copies of the patents found during the search.

Fee for Services: $1,800 – 2,000 payable in advance for a search of average complexity.

Note: It is not required to perform a patent search before filing a patent application, but it is highly recommended.

Preparing a patent application and associated paperwork includes the steps of:   studying the client’s disclosure; studying known relevant patents, publications, or other related materials; drafting the patent application including one or more claims based on the client’s disclosure; preparing patent drawings; preparing a power of attorney; preparing a declaration of inventorship form; preparing an information disclosure statement (if required), and filing the application and associated papers with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.   The attorney’s fees for filing a patent application depends on the complexity of the invention and the field of technology involved.

In addition to attorney’s fees, there are also patent drawing fees of $100 per sheet, government filing fees of $785 (for a small entity of less than 500 employees), possible additional filing fees for additional patent claims, and possibly other fees.  In order to provide you with a detailed estimate, we need to have an initial consultation with you, which we can do in person at our offices, or over the phone.

Once the patent application has been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, you may mark your invention “patent pending”.

Once the patent application has been filed, it is assigned to a Patent Examiner.  The Examiner will typically perform a search of the issued patents and published patent application publications in the United States Patent and Trademark Office to determine if the claims in your patent application are allowable.   If all claims are allowable, the Examiner will issue a Notice of Allowance.   However, it is very rare for an Examiner to find all claims allowable on the first examination of the patent application.  In most cases the Examiner will draft an Office Action that provides the Examiner’s rationale for rejecting one or more claims.   It is quite common in the first Office Action to receive a rejection of all claims.   It generally takes one to two years after filing the patent application for the Examiner to respond with a Notice of Allowance or an Office Action.

When we receive an Office Action, we will evaluate the Examiner’s grounds for rejection and provide you with a written cost estimate for responding to the Office Action.

Prosecution of your patent application may include one or more telephone interviews with the Examiner to determine the most appropriate way to respond. A written response to the Office Action is filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and may include amendments to the patent application, and/or legal arguments rebutting the Examiner’s grounds for rejecting your claims.  A typical response to an office action costs $2,000-$2,500 in attorney’s fees.

Please note that the Examiner may provide multiple Office Actions, which must each be responded to in order to keep your patent application from becoming abandoned.  In some cases, other services will be required during prosecution of your patent application, including, for example:  responding to restriction requirements, conducting interviews with the patent examiner, filing a notice of appeal and an appeal brief, etc.  Estimates of the fees for these services will be provided if such services become necessary to continue prosecution of your patent application.

If and when the Examiner determines that the claims in your patent application are allowable, the Examiner sends a Notice of Allowance.  At this point, appropriate paperwork must be prepared and submitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office along with the Issue Fee.

 Attorney’s Fees  $   300
 Issue Fee  $   500 (for a small entity)
 Estimated Total  $   800

Once the United States Patent and Trademark Office receives the paperwork and Issue Fee, your patent will generally issue within three months.

A utility or plant patent, once issued, will have a term of 20 years from the date of filing (not from the issue date). Keeping your utility or plant patent alive for its full term requires the payment of maintenance fees at certain times after the patent issues:

 3.5 years  $   800
 7.5 years  $1,800
 11.5 years  $3,700

The fees above are the current rates for small entities, and will likely increase by the time you will be required to pay them.  In addition to the maintenance fees listed above, attorney’s fees of $300 will be required for each maintenance fee to prepare the necessary paperwork.  Failure to pay a maintenance fee within six months of when they are due will result in your patent expiring.

A design patent has a term of 15 years from the date of issue without requiring any maintenance fees.